Bone loss in teeth, also known as alveolar bone loss, is a common issue that can occur due to a variety of factors, including periodontal disease, tooth loss, and certain medical conditions. When bone loss occurs, the bone that supports the teeth begins to deteriorate.
Periodontal disease is the leading cause of bone loss in teeth. This disease is caused by bacterial plaque, which forms on the teeth and gums and can lead to inflammation and infection. As the disease progresses, the bone and other supporting tissues that hold the teeth in place begin to deteriorate. This can cause the teeth to become loose and eventually fall out.
Tooth loss is another major cause of bone loss. When a tooth is lost, the bone that once supported it begins to shrink and deteriorate. This can lead to a loss of jawbone mass, which can make it difficult to place dental implants or other tooth replacement options.


Certain medical conditions can also contribute to bone loss in teeth.
The good news is that bone loss in teeth can be prevented and treated. Good oral hygiene, including regular brushing and flossing, can help to prevent periodontal disease and other oral health issues that can lead to bone loss. In addition, a healthy diet that is rich in calcium and other nutrients can help to maintain bone density.
If bone loss has already occurred, there are treatment options available. Scaling and root planing is a common treatment for periodontal disease that can help to remove plaque and tartar and promote healing. Bone grafting is another option that can help to restore lost bone and support dental implants or other tooth replacement options.
In conclusion, bone loss in teeth is a common issue that can occur due to periodontal disease, tooth loss, and certain medical conditions. Good oral hygiene, a healthy diet, and regular dental check-ups can help to prevent bone loss. If bone loss has already occurred, there are treatment options available to restore lost bone and support dental implants or other tooth replacement options. It’s important to visit your dentist at regular intervals to detect and treat bone loss.